The Practice Of Medicine Essay

1447 Words Mar 29th, 2016 6 Pages
Before the sixteenth century, the practice of medicine bore no relation to the practice of medicine today. Medical practices rested solely on the writings of the second-century physician Galen because it gave a rational explanation on how the heart, liver, veins, arteries, and lungs provided nourishment for the body. In addition, the strong influence of the Catholic Church on the Western world only made small attempts to discover the world by experimenting frugal. Instead, Galenism became a stronger dominion as the Church declared its writings sacred. For almost 1,500 years, people lived calmly practicing ligatures and bloodlettings, and living peaceful lives without having the curiosity to discover the world through experimenting. Small discoveries during the 1500s in medicine by people, like Andreas Versalius and Hieronymus Fabricius of Aquapendente, were simply modified to fit with Galen’s doctrine. The movement to discover the natural world through the scientific method only made a significant turn in 1628 when William Harvey published his book, Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus. Through experimentation and calculation, Harvey offers ascend to a new paradigm of blood circulation and medical treatment. Before Harvey, the system of Galenism prevailed. Galen (129-216) was a Greek physician that built upon Hippocratic medicine by incorporating theology. Galen was limited to studies on animals, but once in a while was fortunate enough to earn…

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