Reluctance for change in Nova Scotian Teaching Practices Essay example

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The latter half of the eighteenth century retained the conceptualization that women belonged to the domestic sphere of the household. This sphere encompassed the duties of running and maintaining the home, along with raising any children. Related to this role of domestic work, was undertaking the task of performing literacy and written work duties, while the men undertook the spoken work. In Maritime Provinces such as Nova Scotia, the role of teaching for women came to be considered an extension of the domestic household. As teaching was an area in which women could continue to undertake the task of performing literacy and written work to children, and often, “the home, children, and school were the confines of the world for most women”. …show more content…
In her essay about the separate spheres of women, and the teaching profession in Nova Scotia during the nineteenth century, Janet Guilford discusses how women “were performing work that they were divinely called to,” and that female teachers were admired for the ‘“affectionate solitude”’ that they naturally possessed. This popular thought, which dominated throughout the nineteenth century, gives reason behind why women were also paid lower wages that what male teachers received for doing the same job. In her article about teaching in rural Nova Scotia, Dianne Hallman provides an example of the difference between male and female pay. According to Hallman, female teachers in rural areas made 85 percent the salary of males, and in urban areas females only made 59.5 percent of the salaries males did. These staggering percentage differences in wages supplement the views of those who believed that if women were simply performing the duties that they are naturally suited for, they were not entitled to the same salaries men received for doing the same job. This reasoning behind the belief of the separate spheres of men and women can also be held responsible for the explanation of why up until the 1930’s, in Nova Scotia; teaching did not have any required training . Due to the fact that there was no required training then the rate of pay did not have to reflect any qualifications. Therefore,

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